Bookkeeping 101: Bookkeeping Basics for Small Businesses

what are the basics of bookkeeping

Proper bookkeeping gives companies a reliable measure of their performance. It also provides information to make general strategic decisions and a benchmark for its revenue and income goals. In short, once a business bookkeeping 101 is up and running, spending extra time and money on maintaining proper records is critical. In this informative financial webinar, you will learn about the components that create a basic Accounting System.

If you’re acting as a bookkeeper for your business, you’ll review source documents and record basic accounting information. Online bookkeeping services might be the exact solution you need to save both time and money. The service you decide to use depends on the needs of your business and may include extra features such as payroll or tax documents. If you’re like most modern business owners, odds are you didn’t become one just so you could practice professional-grade bookkeeping. Outsourcing the work to a seasoned bookkeeper can allow you to focus on your business plan and growth.


Business owners or accountants can then use these statements to gain insight into the business’s financial health. Bookkeepers can log a business’s financial transactions using single-entry or double-entry bookkeeping. In single-entry bookkeeping, you report profits and business expenses for all expenditures in a cash register. The double-entry method begins with a journal, followed by a ledger, a trial balance, and financial statements. Bookkeeping is the regular practice of updating a company’s financial records to reflect all financial transactions, credits, and debits. It is a foundational accounting process, and developing strategies to improve core areas of your business would be nearly impossible without it.

  • If you’re like most modern business owners, odds are you didn’t become one so that you could practice professional-level bookkeeping.
  • Generally speaking, bookkeepers help collect and organize data and may have certain certifications to do so for your business.
  • The balance sheet can be used to identify trends and make more informed financial accounting decisions.
  • Single-entry accounting records all of your transactions once, either as an expense or as income.

This habit improves communication, boosts transparency with your bookkeeping team, and promotes longevity and compliance. For both sales and purchases, it’s vital to have detailed, complete records of all transactions. You’ll need to note the amount, the date, and any other important details to ensure you can accurately summarize your finances when it comes time for tax season. Purchase receipts should always be kept as proof that the purchases took place. Your accounting ledger serves as the hub for all your financial information.

Adjust Entries at the End of Each Accounting Period

As with the Balance Sheet, bookkeepers are also responsible for tagging transactions under the right accounts in the Income Statement. Aside from the Balance Sheet, bookkeepers also create the Income Statement. Consider using one of the best bookkeeping services to make managing your books a breeze. Whether you do the bookkeeping yourself or hire someone to do it, certain elements are fundamental to properly maintaining the books. Some of these elements are done more regularly than others to ensure that the books are always up to date.

what are the basics of bookkeeping

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